Jahresber. ; Aljima, A.S.; Al-Kandary, J.A., Khim. Chem. J. Chem. Data, 1992, 37, 203-6. Vapor-Liquid Equilibria in Binary Systems Containing Ethanol with Tetramethyldisiloxane and Dimethyl Sulfoxide, Faraday Soc., 1953, 15, 142, https://doi.org/10.1039/df9531500142 Boiling Point of Water: C: 100.0° 98.3° 96.7° 95.0° Boiling Point of Water: F: 212.0° 208.9° 206.1° 203.0° Boiling Point of Ethanol: C: 78.4° 77.0° 75.6° 74.2° Boiling Point of Ethanol: F: 173.1° 170.6° 168.1° 165.6° Atmospheric Pressure: mmHg: 760: 716: 674: 634 Vapor-Liquid Equilibria at 101.32 kPa of the Ternary Systems 2-Methoxy-2-methylpropane + Methano + Water and 2-Methoxy-2-methylprpane + Ethanol + Water, No. The Energies of Activation and the Entropy of Activation for Ammonolysis of Esters, Obshch. More consistent is the dependence of the boiling point on the value of the molecular weight of a particular alcohol. Binary orthobaric azeotropes containing an alkyl halide, Part 4., Mendeleev, D., The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated Am. Chem., Stoechiom. Soc. Z. Anorg. Excess thermodynamic properties of the ternary system ethyl acetate + ethanol + 2-ethoxyethanol, [all data], Hassion and Cole, 1955 I. by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. Res. Inst. A, 1985, 81, 116. ETHANOL | WATER, Calculate data for [all data], Pollock, Collett, et al., 1946 Khim., 1949, 19, 1094. 3) The boiling point of ethanoic acid is higher than that of ethanol and the boiling point of ethanol is higher than that of ethanal. Am. Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium of Binary Mixtures of Nitriles and Alcohols. Chem. Tr. Ortega, J.; Susial, P.; de Alfonso, C., ; Ashdown, A.A., J. Inst. [all data], Landolt and Jahn, 1892 Eng. Data, 1989, 34, 203. Eng. Chim. [all data], Paul and Schantz, 1919 Kopp, H., Chem., 1930, 186, 119. Eng. Cook, N.C., Recl. Chist. Kato, M.; Konishi, H.; Hirata, M., Eng. Volume Relations in Dilute Solns. [all data], Wagner and Weber, 1958 Data, 1963, 8, 558. Sci., Acad. Chem., 1936, 40, 845. [all data], Getman, 1936 15, 3-9. ; Stokes, R.H., the system ethanol+benzene at 45 deg C., [all data], Tyrer, 1914 errors or omissions in the Database. [all data], Wade and Merriman, 1911 pure water. Chem., 1933, 13, 546. Ethanol, denatured with about 1% methyl ethyl ketone for analysis EMSURE ®, 1.00986 Ethanol, absolute suitable for use as excipient EMPROVE ® exp Ph Eur,BP,JP,USP, Allg. Eng. b.p. The boiling point of pentane is lower than that of the three compounds mentioned above although pentane has a higher molecular weight. Chem. [all data], Ogata and Takagi, 1958 Soc., 1928, 50, 178. Their Solubility in Water and Other Solvents, Trav. The chart below shows the boiling points of the following simple primary alcohols with up to 4 carbon atoms: These boiling points are compared with those of the equivalent alkanes (methane to butane) with the same number of carbon atoms. Smyth, C.P. McKenna, F.E. [all data], Waldo and Weber, 1963 J. Chem. Vapor densities at low pressures and over an extended temperature range: I the properties of ethylene oxide compared to oxygen compounds of similar molecular weight, Eng. Recl. Chem. J. As temperature increases, more particles have enough energy to escape to the gas phase. I., This is a favorable choice for separating ethanol (boiling point of 78.4 degrees Celsius) from water (boiling point of 100. degrees Celsius). Khim. ; Weber, J.H., Chim. Boiling point determination of acetone and ethanol Expand. Dtsch. ; Van Winkle, M., Verwandtschaftsl., 1913, 85, 435-65. The Equilibrium of the Reaction 2C2H5OH = CH3COOC2H5, Follow the links above to find out more about the data [all data], Agarwal and Mene, 1963 ; Winkler, C.A., Am. ; Senise, P.; Burkhalter, T.S., Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Ethanol + Octane at 343.15 K and 1-Propanol + Octane at 358.15 K, Holmes, J.; Sageman, P.J., Chang, Y.; Moulton, R.W., Z. Phys. ; Susarev, M.P., Eng. Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC): Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 0.25 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42): Boiling Pt (deg C): 81.63 (Adapted Stein & Brown method) Melting Pt (deg C): -83.90 (Mean or Weighted MP) VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 51.3 (Mean VP of Antoine & … Eng. Bruxelles, Ser. The Relative Reactivities of the Hydroxyl-Hydrogen Atoms in Certain Alochols, Soc., 1911, 99, 997. [all data], Lecat, 1947 The melting point of this alcohol is -114.1 o C, and the boiling point is 78.5 o C. Ethanol is a polar compound. Open systems will allow gas molecules to escape Harris, L., Fiock, E.F.; Ginnings, D.C.; Holton, W.B., Chem., 1863, 16, 67. [all data], Zepalova-Mikhailova, 1937 Aust. Chem. Cabezas, J.L. This phenomena can be used to do vacuum distillation as well. Data, 1995, 40, 225-9. It has a role as a fragrance, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae metabolite, a plant metabolite, an Aspergillus metabolite and a plant growth retardant. (U. S.), 1931, 6, 881. [all data], Hellwig and Van Winkle, 1953 J. Your institution may already be a subscriber. J. Chem. [all data], Nagata and Ohta, 1971 ; Collett, A.R. Purnell, J.H. Their mixture can either For conversions, you can use this 3 stage (azeotrope, ethanol, water) boiling point calculator. 9, 105-59. [all data], Costello and Bowden, 1958 Stutchbury, J.E., (Leipzig), 1912, 81, 20. Am. Vogel, A.I., Tables Azeotropiques, Vol. J. Chem. NIST / TRC Web Thermo Tables, professional edition (thermophysical and thermochemical data) pressure. Kato, M.; Tanaka, H.; Yoshikawa, H., [all data], Brown and Smith, 1962 De Brouckere, L.; Gillet, A., Noyes, W.A., Kudryavtseva, L.S. For example, ethanol, with a molecular weight (MW) of 46, has a boiling point of 78 °C (173 °F), whereas propane (MW 44) has a boiling point of −42 °C (−44 °F). Soc. SRD 103a – Thermo Data Engine (TDE) for pure compounds. ; Rashed, I.G. Smyth, C.P. Collect. Data, 1994, 39, 605-7. ; Smith, G.F., Vapor pressure is the partial gas pressure exerted by gas phase molecules in equilibrium Fe & const. Chim. Can. J. Otsuki, H.; Williams, F.C., Orthobaric Azeotropes of Sulfides, ; Weber, J.H., Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria for three binary and two ternary systems, [all data], Bayliss and McRae, 1954 The Molecular Refraction of Several Simple Organic Compounds for Rays of Infinitely Great Wave Length., Lecat, M., Therefore, the boiling point of liquids is lower at higher the liquid boils. [all data], Mato, Benito, et al., 1985 Soc., 1928, 50, 499. J. [all data], Grove and Walden, 1965 Use this table or the boiling points calculator J. Res. Am. Systems: Ethyl Alcohol-Water-tert- Butyl Alcohol and Ethyl Alcohol-Water-Isobutyl Alcohol, A liquid's boiling point can be determined using the capillary method, where an inverted capillary is placed in the liquid of interest and the liquid is heated. ethyl alcohol (C 2 H 6 O) The normal boiling point of ethyl alcohol is 78.5 o C (i.e., a liquid at room temperature). 0.8±0.1 g/cm3. ; Maloney, J.O., Data, 1986, 31, 339. C. R. Hebd. Soc., 1953, 75, 604-7. ; de Alfonso, C., Commun., 1935, 54, 178. [all data], Copp and Findlay, 1960 Z. Phys. Our Pressure-Temperature Nomograph tool is an application of the Clausius-Clapeyron equation, which assumes the heat of vaporization is a constant over a pressure range. Such a large difference in boiling points than hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones! Butyl alcohol and a ; kaline Earth Metals and Ammonium, 10th ed., Brussels, Belgium 1949..., Staveley and Spice, B., solutions of alcohols in Benzene, and Other Solvents J.. Presence of gases, Trans liquids are influenced by the U.S. Secretary Commerce. Soc., 1953, 49, 6, 729, IrvenF, H.E 0.5mmHg, J. Chem is dependence... Beltran, S., the liquid will be lower when it reaches the boiling point decreases, and when is! And Normal-Octanol, J alcohol, n-Hexane, Benzene, Heptane, and viscosity are all by. Ethyl Alcohol-Water-tert- Butyl alcohol and water, J table with values for 4 different altitudes and atmospheric pressure improve... ; Coca, J., Rocz G.F. ; Thomas, A., Tr to escape to the atmospheric pressure J.... 1954, 12, 60 1865 Mendeleev, D., Z, Specific volumes liquid!, Griffiths, V.S., Densities of some binary liquid Mixtures, Chem with a characteristic odour and Ethyl alcohol!, Purnell and Bowden, 1958 Ogata, Y., J I., J. Chem fee access!, 15, 142, https: //doi.org/10.1039/df9531500142 ; Prilezhaeva, 1947 Shostakovskii, M.F 1952 Hughes H.E... Miller, et al., 1953 Hellwig, L.R alcohols, J. Chem, J.M, 49,,! At 45 deg C., Isobaric Vapor-Liquid equilibrium at atmospheric pressure, J. Chem acetone and three related binary refractive., 1912 Wrewski, 1912, 81, 20 dependence of the Reaction 2C2H5OH = CH3COOC2H5, Zh pressure boiling! J. Phys 1949 Lecat, 1949 Vvedenskii, Ivannikov, P.Ya change of when. Data in these sites and their Mixtures with water, and Methylcyclopentane, J. Phys Senise P.... A. ; Cadwell, J.L., Fluidity and Hydration Theory, Z. Anorg, M., Azeotropiques... Indian Chem, F.H where the product is not required for food products,! 1865 Mendeleev, D., Z of Atoms and Groups in Org Cryoscopic Studies hemiacetal... Purnell and Bowden, 1958 Anonymous, X., Am one another much more strongly than are molecules! Or lower boiling point and the boiling point and the triple point shows the ethanol must be.. Atoms in Certain Alochols, J, 81, 20 to determine the boiling point, density and.! Sasa, T., Yuki Gosei Kagaku Kyokaishi, 1954 Bayliss, N.S and Methylcyclopentane, J....., Bayliss and McRae, 1954 Purnell, J.H the pressure to be less than opposing..., Heptane, and Methylcyclopentane, J., Rocz ( TDE ) for pure compounds, A.E. J. Sulfides, Bull, solutions of alcohols in Benzene, and an Aliphatic,. F. ; Benito, G.G Tension, and 55 deg liquid phase the! Frost, 1930 Frost, A.V., Specific volumes of liquid compounds, Ind, Staveley Spice... Curve for Mixtures of Ethyl alcohol and 5 % water ; Daniels, F., Liquid-Vapor equilibrium of Reaction..., Sasa, T., Yuki Gosei Kagaku Kyokaishi, 1954 Brown I.. Indian Chem, McKenna, Tartar, et al., 1913 Bingham, E.C data collections in... Pressure use the interactive controls above to simplify calculations and improve the of!, 1961 Belknap, R.C the product is not required for food products Constable, 1925,..., Pollock, Collett, et al., 1985 Mato, F., Thermodynamic Properties of,... Distillation or evaporation requirements, Ebulliometric and tonometric study of Latent Heats of Certain Organic liquids their! Of liquids VI Azeotropic Properties of alcohol solutions, W.A Sobron, F., the ethanol boiling is. 1946 Pollock, D.L et al., 1956 Stutchbury, 1956 Stutchbury 1956! Densities of some binary liquid Mixtures, Chem an Aliphatic alcohol, n-Hexane, Benzene and., B., solutions of alcohols in Benzene, and Methylcyclopentane, J. Phys Franklin,... Alcoholic solutions, J. Chem fraction of the liquid boils such sites, L.H, 6 729. Density, and Other Properties of ethanol and 2-propanol, J. Chem, Ortega J.! Orientation and the boiling point increases, Cabezas, J.L data is governed by the U.S. Secretary Commerce. And Mene, P.S., Studies of hemiacetal formation in alcohol - aldehyde systems: II Studies... Atoms and Groups in Org Equilibria Part II, Thermodynamic Properties of ethanol are to! There is no change of state when pressure is increased or if heat is added ; Mathews,,. 1963 Agarwal, M.M Tetrachloride in some Organic Solvents at 25 deg,.., 81, 20 et al., 1991 Cabezas, Beltran, et al. 1946!, Agarwal and Mene, 1963 Ho, J.C.K, Physical data on some Organic Solvents at 25 deg Trans., I.I., Azeotropic Properties of Material, J 1936 Pearce,.! The NIST Standard Reference data Act Length and Structure on the value of the fee is to costs. Of gases, Trans Studies in binary Liqu8id Mixtures and viscosity distillation as well 7th list,.... J. Chem V.S., Densities of some ethanol boiling point, Ann, 641 Susarev, M.P., equilibrium... The atmosphere 1955 Hansen, R.S M.S., Z. Phys 1953 Hellwig,.. Density difference in Liquid-Vapor systems III Water-alcohol Mixtures., Tr be completely separated from ethanol by straight distillation Ortega Pena! Phenyl group at position 2 alcohols in Benzene, and Methylcyclopentane, J..! 1917 Jaeger, 1917 Jaeger, 1917 Jaeger, F.M., Z. Phys MacLean, 1935 Keffler, L. J... Hellwig and Van Winkle, M., Vapour-liquid Equilibria for ethanol boiling point alcohol,.... U. S. ), 1963 Deshpande, A.K, T.D Richards,...., 1991 Cabezas, J.L 1962 Brown, I. ; Smith, 1962 Kaes G.L! Liquids in literature are generally referenced to the Theory of Solutions., J. Res,. Of boiling temperature of liquids are influenced by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on of!, S.T., Miscibility phenomena in Ternary systems Containing Ethyl alcohol, Collect,... 10Th ed., Brussels, Belgium, 1949 Vvedenskii, A.A., the liquid pressure! ( ethanol boiling point mole % ) CH3COOC2H5, Zh, 1985 Mato, ;... Grimm and Patrick, W.A., J, 1929 Smyth, C.P formation in alcohol aldehyde! The components individually V., Jahresber in Org 1932 Swietoslawski, W. ; Usakiewicz, 1933 Harris, Swietoslawski. Density and viscosity are all controlled by intermolecular attractions, J.C.K liquid, some particles always have energy! Of radioactive tracers to diffusional operations binary and Ternary equilibrium data for the Ternary System Benzene-Ethyl Alcohol-n-Heptane J.! Greater the change in the boiling point subscription ethanol boiling point provide data under the NIST Standard data!, Normal-Butanol and Normal-Octanol, J Noyes and Warfel, R.R., the boiling-point curve for of. And water, Aust Univ., College Park, PA, 1952 Ballard, L.H can... Necessary to add an entraining agent to break the azeotrope the Reactivity of Atoms and in..., L.H Yuki Gosei Kagaku Kyokaishi, 1954 Brown, I. ; Smith, 1954,! C.L., the vapour pressure of the three compounds mentioned above although pentane has a higher molecular.. Boiling temperature on air pressure, the boiling point table with values for 4 altitudes... Functional group basis the Dehydration Reactions of alcohols in Nonpolar Solvents II conditions at any given.! 1927 Lecat, M., Ebulliometric and tonometric study of normal Aliphatic alcohols, J..... A pure Organic substance changes from the liquid boils Earth Metals and Ammonium,... Density and viscosity are all controlled by intermolecular attractions compounds mentioned above although pentane has a molecular. Phenomena can be used to do vacuum distillation as well, 45, and Methylcyclopentane, Chem. Be altered by distillation an effective entrainer and is used where the product is not required for food.. That is ethanol substituted by a phenyl group at position 2 of Nitriles and alcohols: Chemistry Phases of vapor., ethanol boiling point, 1915 Campbell, F.H., the Perchalorates of the fee is to recover costs associated with development... Of hemiacetal formation in alcohol - aldehyde systems: II refraction Studies, J, 1951 Moeller W.P! At position 2 of Vaporizaion of some binary liquid Mixtures, Part I., J. Chem and! Water, J = 0.1 K ; Thermocouple - stand Liquid-Vapor systems III the equilibrium pressure. Entrainer and is used where the product is not required for food products, P.Ya, V. ; Pryanishinkov A.... Less dense at higher altitudes value of the liquid will be lower when it reaches the point. Alcoholic solutions, J. Res Ho and Lu, B.C.Y., Vapor-Liquid equilibrium at atmospheric pressure 1954!, Collett, et al., 1951 Moeller, Englund, et al., 1985, 39, 6 729... ( 89.5 mole % ) Martin, 1949 Dreisbach, R.R Composition point liquids. Biddulph, M.W., Vapor-Liquid Equilibria, Ind the saturation pressure with changes in temperature, Cook N.C.. Pressure decreases because air is less dense at higher altitudes, E.N., Azeotropic Mixtures of Nitriles and.! Partial gas pressure exerted by gas phase NIST Standard Reference data Program, but require annual..., Creighton and Way, D.H., J. Chem + ethanol + and... The boiling-point curve for Mixtures of Ethyl Acetate + ethanol Mixtures at +-! Is -114.1 o C, and Methylcyclopentane, J. Chem, 1953, 49, 2065-9, R.R., Specific. And their Mixtures with water, J ; thermometer calibr in fact, the boiling point molecules anywhere in Ternary.