Once again, holiness does not mean perfect. Who/What is the Ruach HaKodesh? , Feminine Gender in Other Christian Groups, "In no way is God in man's image. 16 And I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, that He may abide with you for ever; 17 Even the Spirit of Truth; Whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him: but ye know Him; for He dwelleth with you, and shall be in you (Bible, Gospel of John 14:16-17 KJV). In some passages the Holy Spirit is rhetorically represented as a Person ((cf. Combinations include expressions such as the "Holy Spirit", "Spirit of God", and in Christianity, "Spirit of Christ". , In 1977, one of their leaders, Lois Roden, began to formally teach that a feminine Holy Spirit is the heavenly pattern of women. Therefore, once a person is alive in Christ through the Holy Spirit, it’s up to them to continue growing in their faith and holiness. "Holy Spirit", More Than Just a Controversy: All About The Holy Spirit. ", Susan Ashbrook Harvey, "Feminine Imagery for the Divine: The Holy Spirit, the Odes of Solomon, and Early Syriac Tradition,", Clark H. Pinnock, "The Role of the Spirit in Creation,", "God is not a sexual being, either male or female─something that was considered to be true in ancient Near Eastern religion. , Historian of religion Susan Ashbrook Harvey considers the grammatical gender to have been significant for early Syriac Christianity: "It seems clear that for the Syrians, the cue from grammar—ruah as a feminine noun—was not entirely gratuitous. Turner, The Holy Spirit, 77-78. First, in Greek and Hebrew the grammatical masculine or feminine carries a much wider range of meaning than in English, from having no indication of physical gender to being gender specific. Many people assume that the Holy Spirit is a divine person, like the Father and Jesus Christ, based on references to the Spirit as "he," "him" and "himself" in the New Testament. September 2020 The first of these, allos, is the one that is used in John 14:16 in reference to the Holy Spirit. Often, people refer to the Holy Spirit as an "it," yet Scripture refers to the Holy Spirit as a male, just as it does for the Father and the Son. An obvious example is the beatitudes in Matthew 5:3-10. I was somewhat surprised, though perhaps I shouldn’t be. Any strictly literal Bible translation would have to use "it" for the holy spirit (since it is really not a person, but God's active force , … ", In the Catholic Church, the Holy Spirit is referred to in English as "he" in liturgical texts, however the Holy See directs that "the established gender usage of each respective language [is] to be maintained. [clarification needed] Foremost among these groups, and the most vocal on the subject are the Branch Davidian Seventh-day Adventists. Understanding the Hebrew word ruach (and its Greek counterpart pneuma) is central to understanding why Yeshua is called "Messiah" (Mashiach, Christos). The author reiterates that God is spirit and that the Bible presents God through personification and anthropomorphism which reflects only a likeness to God.. There can be no concept of a godhead or of the Holy Spirit as a person of the godhead in the Hebrew Bible, since the concept of the Holy Trinity is entirely foreign to Judaism. The neuter Greek πνεῦμα is used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew רוּחַ. Lord. In Greek the word pneuma is grammatically neuter and so, in that language, the pronoun referring to the Holy Spirit under that name is also grammatically neuter. In which case we are back to square one. The Greek Word for Spirit is “Pneuma,” In Hebrew Spirit is “Ruach” The Greek (New Testament) word for spirit is “pneuma” whereas the Hebrew (Old Testament) word for spirit is “ruach.” Both words mean: a current of air, wind, a breath in reference to either a human, demon, or the Holy Spirit of God. In the Old Testament it is mentioned 23 times, but in a different form: “Ru•ach Adonai,” the Spirit of God. Safeguarding Policy On the one hand we do need to accept that the Holy Spirit has chosen to use a feminine-form noun to talk about himself in Genesis 1:2. There are 3 passages that we have to consider. Person of the Godhead that completes the Holy Trinity: God the Holy Spirit. November 2020 just “holy Spirit”. Greek Translation.  Most English translations of the New Testament refer to the Holy Spirit as masculine in a number of places where the masculine Greek word "Paraclete" occurs, for "Comforter", most clearly in the Gospel of John, chapters 14 to 16. For example “cattle”, “year”, “hand”, “covenant”, “door”, “remnant”, “truth” and “sin” are all feminine in Hebrew. The word for spirit/breath/wind in the Greek New Testament (pneuma), however, is neuter. The term “Holy Spirit” actually occurs only three times in the Hebrew Bible.  In Aramaic also, the language generally considered to have been spoken by Jesus, the word is feminine. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. The Holy Spirit was furthermore equated with the Wisdom of God by two early Church fathers, Theophilus of Antioch and … Hebrew is a gendered language. So perhaps, like the Hebrew ruach, there is a case for asking whose spirit is being referred to? But also in Genesis 1:2 the Spirit is the Spirit of God and “God” there is a masculine plural noun. In modern English: It shall be eaten in a holyplace; KJV:thereof: … The neuter Greek πνεῦμα is used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew רוּחַ. The Gospel of Thomas is an early Christian non-canonical sayings gospel. THE HEBREW VIEW OF THE NATURE OF MAN. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms … All policies, Church Society It was discovered near Nag Hammadi. That’s what the word holiness means in Hebrew and Greek. Both Hebrew and Greek have gendered nouns.  These texts were particularly significant when Christians were debating whether the New Testament teaches that the Holy Spirit is a fully divine hypostasis, as opposed to a created force. Also, in Hebrew the verbs attached to those nouns take on the gender of the noun with which they are connected. WD24 4AE, About us 2 Corinthians 3:16-17.  The LDS Church believes that before we lived on earth, we existed spiritually, with a spirit body with defined gender, and that the Holy Spirit had a similar body, but was to become a member of the three personage Godhead  (Godhead consisting of God, or Heavenly Father, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost). Nick Gowers is the vicar of Holy Trinity Church, Old Hill, a Church Society parish. 213142 and a registered charity (No. (See Lee Gatiss’ article: Is God a She?). In documents produced in Syriac by the early Miaphysite church (which later became the Syriac Orthodox Church) the feminine gender of the word for spirit gave rise to a theology in which the Holy Spirit was considered feminine. But "Holy Spirit" in the original Greek is neuter and therefore the neuter pronouns "it," "itself" are used with it in the original NT Greek! These authors include Clark H. Pinnock, Thomas N. Finger, Jürgen Moltmann, Yves M.J. Congar, John J. O'Donnell, Donald L. Gelpi, and R.P. Second, we also have to remember that God uses human language by analogy. Cookies Policy According to Wikipedia, So he was the one who decided which books make it to the New Testament and which ones don’t. When God has unambiguously used masculine language to reveal himself who are we to change God’s self-identification?! But there is a further problem. Ágio Pnév̱ma. That said, it does raise an important question of whether our human spirit is gendered to match our physical gender. It perfectly describes the new man that is born into when we receive Christ as our savior. Jacobs, Joseph and Blau, Ludwig. He is spirit, he is soul, and he is body, the one man. The Hebrew word for "spirit" (ruach) is feminine in Genesis 1:2. The basis of this claim was that the Hebrew word for “spirit” (ruach) is feminine. This confusion arises from two factors—the use of gender-inflected pronouns in the Greek language (a difficult concept to understand for those who speak only English) and bias on the part of some translators. Hebrew Word of the Day. But we can also argue that the masculine pronoun is actually referring back to “the helper” in 16:7 (paraclete in Greek) which is a masculine noun. , The Syriac language, which was in common use around AD 300, is derived from Aramaic. He sees YHVH redeeming the whole man by beginning at the very heart of man and working outward to make him complete. We will briefly look at the first two and then concentrate on the passage in Mark. The Holy Spirit is a δύναμις, and is expressly so called in Luke 24:49, and δύναμις ὑπιστου, Luke 1:35; but we find also πνεῦμα (or πνεῦμα ἅγιον) καί δύναμις, Acts 10:38; 1 Corinthians 2:4; and ἡ δύναμις τοῦ πνεύματος, Luke 4:14, where πνεῦμα is regarded as the essence, and δύναμις its efficacy; but in 1 Thessalonians 1:5 ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ is epexegetical of ἐν δυνάμει. The Holy Spirit in the Tanakh Read More » ... Erickson admits the idea is nonsense – therefore we must believe it). Translit: Ru•ach Ha•kó•desh. Meaning- As the Third Person in the Trinity, the Holy Spirit is recognized … But the gender of a word in Greek or Hebrew has nothing to do with gender identity. At the very least we must take a consistent approach. Leviticus 7:6. Turner, The Holy Spirit, 77. We also cannot avoid the fact that Jesus describes his Father as “the Father” and himself as “the Son.” These are not just randomly chosen names as if he could have chosen mother and daughter if he so liked. Qadosh literally means "to be set apart for a special purpose". In the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints gender is seen "as an essential characteristic of eternal identity and purpose". When Christianity transitioned from consisting of mostly Hebrew-speaking Israelites to Greek-speaking gentiles, the gender of the Spirit was gradually lost. The Holy Spirit is a she. Holy Spirit in Greek and Hebrew. Whether that is the Holy Spirit or Jesus’ human spirit is not my point here, so much as pointing out that the gender of the greek word pneuma has no indication of the gender-identification of the person whose spirit is being referred to. The word “Spirit” in the Bible comes from the Greek word pneuma, which means wind or spirit.According to Strong’s Concordance, the word comes from the root pneó, which means “to blow,” much like the wind blows like a breath upon the earth.The person of God’s Spirit, then, blows the breath that brings all creatures to life. Άγιο Πνεύμα . For instance for the Hebrew to say “she” of the Holy Spirit may be as significant as saying “she” of a door or indeed “she” of sin. The two words from Hebrew that are both translated into Greek as pneuma are rhuh and shekinah. Funds and trusts Scholars speculate that the works as such were buried there in response to a letter from Bishop Athanasius (296 – 373 AD) declaring a strict canon of Christian scripture. February 2020. Watford, UK The longer answer is that Hebrew and Greek words follow what is … The term pneumatology comes from two Greek words, namely, pneuma meaning “wind,” “breath,” or “spirit” (used of the Holy Spirit) and logos meaning “word,” “matter,” or “thing.” As it is used in Christian systematic theology, “pneumatology” refers to the study of the biblical doctrine of the Holy Spirit. For instance in Mark 2:8 “Jesus knew in his pneuma”. Sermon Delivered 12-25-04 Part One, Who/What is the Ruach HaKadosh? 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